Few places in Spain enjoy international recognition as the enjoyer Jerez. Thanks to its wine-the “sherry” or “sherry” – equestrian and bullfighting tradition, flamenco and engine, the name of this Andalusian city long ago that crossed borders. Up came the Phoenicians around 3,000 years ago to found the colony called Xera, the city that was called Ceret later under Roman rule, and Sheres or Xeres when it was an Arab fortress. With the Catholic Monarchs thriving trade of its famous wines with the English began.
Muslims left a deep mark on the city, as the urban layout of neighborhoods nestled in the heart of the old Arab medina: San Lucas and San Mateo, which hosts its namesake church, the Market Square (Archaeological museum) and the Riquelme Palace. But undoubtedly the most important andalusí vestige is the Alcázar de Jerez, being inside the walled enclosure Mosque, the Arab Baths and the Garden of Olives, with pools and fountains that harmonize perfectly with the baroque palace of Villavicencio, erected on the ruins of early Islamic palace and in whose tower the visitor can visit the original Camera Obscura.
Gothic city has many valuable samples. In the district of Santiago, home of the bulería, the Church of Santiago, the s is locked. XV, which keeps the image of Our Father Jesus of Arrest, attributed to the Roldana; the Conventual Church of Santo Domingo and St. Mark’s Church are also good examples of this style. All house some of the carvings procesionarán through the streets of the city during Easter (big party along with Jerez Horse Fair). Nearby is the Cathedral, a beautiful baroque work of great monumentality. In its interior the choir stalls, the Virgin girl Zurbaran, an Immaculate Vaccaro, a crucified of Juan de Arce and the Cristo de la Viga, Gothic s. XIV. The tower is built adjacent to the old Arab minaret.
From ss. XVI and XVII the city takes on a huge economic boost that attracts Genovese, English, Flemish, French, etc., that drive trade in the city and especially the vintner sector. This will mark the appearance of the city (to establish itself many wineries and manor houses) and the character of its people (open, welcoming and stately). But if we want to know Jerez and Jerez, nothing better than a good walk along Calle Larga, commercial and nerve center of the city. It beats the pulse of the city, gather here the best shops and many terraces to enjoy a drink and rich jerezanas caps.
We can approach the Plaza del Arenal, the most emblematic of Jerez, the Mamelón, the Placita Bank, which teem with life and activity, the Plaza Plateros or Rafael Rivero, cozy and full of terraces where you can taste the delicious cuisine from the city. For leisure time several options arise: the racing circuit, which annually hosts the Championship of Spain, scoring for the World Championship test; and Zoo, which houses inside the Botanical Garden.